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As training programs differ largely across Europe 1, the teaching of plastic surgery procedures could be implemented already at the university level. For these reasons, we feel the need to create an association (an interest group indeed) to develop and strengthen the theoretical and practical knowledges of medical students interested in plastic, reconstructive, and aesthetic surgery 2.


Misconceptions surrounding the discipline of plastic surgery are common among not only the public, but medical students and professionals as well: many of the new graduates feel not adequately prepared and confident about procedures of plastic surgery specialty 3.

This implicates two main outcomes: 1) students cannot really understand a priori whether a career in plastic surgery is appropriate for them; and 2) for those who still decide to pursue a career in plastic surgery, there is a lack of general preparation to cope with such a complex residency.


The establishment of interest groups promotes a stronger collaboration of students with residents and faculty and allows for further educational trainings in an extra-curricular setting 2-4. Although these kinds of organizations are widespread in other countries, there exists no analogous experience in Italy.


Italian med schools are organized such that lectures of plastic, reconstructive, and aesthetic surgery consist generally of only a module of 6-12 hours during the last years with no mandatory clerkships (the main practical experience in such departments is usually on a voluntary basis) 5.


Plastic surgery interest groups are very common in the USA. These provide a dedicated online page and a variety of hands-on clinical activities and educational experiences. Through a multitude of academic opportunities and extensive interactions with head plastic surgery faculty, all these organizations are intended to help students, who wish to pursue a career in plastic surgery 4. No such section can be currently found in the Società Italiana di Chirurgia Plastica Ricostruttiva ed Estetica (SICPRE; [en] Italian Society of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery;, of which only certified plastic surgeons and residents are allowed to become members and attend meetings and webinars for free.


The purposes of the association we intend to establish are to enhance the theoretical and practical fundamentals of plastic surgery amongst medical students and to make them ready to face a specialty training as best as possible. To accomplish these objectives, different strategies have been suggested by taking American interest groups as an example 2-4,6, among which: the development of plastic surgery clubs in med schools modeled on US ‘chapters’, aimed at gaining access to institutional resources and developing relationships with plastic surgeons of the reference university/hospital; the availability of mentoring in the department; the preparation and collection of didactic material to be shared on online platforms; the improvement of scientific competitiveness through the funding of grants for research programs.


Networking continues to be a key element of the career of a medical doctor, and a national meeting would be the occasion to know other students and doctors with similar interests and to discuss about interest group aims and maneuvers.


We are also considering the possibility of establishing a European plastic surgery interest group. This association would allow the coordination of the different national groups and could also help improve students’ experiences through international programs and exchanges.


The establishment of this organization would be the perfect tool to provide students with mentorship and educational support and equip them with skills and information needed to be competitive applicants for residency positions 1-4,6.

For completion of the work, we are going to organize a national congress in the next few months, in which we will discuss about the formation of a European interest group.


The authors declare no conflict of interest.


This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.


DC, AR: A.

DC, AR, SC: D, DT, S.

DC, AT, GC, MDR: O (drafting the article).

DC: W.

PI, LM, MB: O (critically revising the article).

DC, PI, BM, GS: O (study supervision).

DC: O (approved the final version of the manuscript on behalf of all authors, administrative/technical/material support.


A: conceived and designed the analysis

D: collected the data

DT: contributed data or analysis tool

S: performed the analysis

W: wrote the paper

O: other contribution (specify contribution in more detail)


Not applicable.


  1. Vissers G, Kisyova R, McArthur G. Plastic surgery training in Europe. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2022;75:1765-1779. doi:
  2. Lozada-Martinez I, Caballero-Mieles R, Carrillo Moreno C. Interest groups in plastic surgery: a strategy to improve knowledge and attitudes toward hot topics in plastic and reconstructive surgery. International Journal of Surgery: Global Health. 2022;5. doi:
  3. Jabaiti S, Hamdan-Mansour A, Isleem U. Impact of plastic surgery medical training on medical students’ knowledge, attitudes, preferences, and perceived benefits: comparative study. J Public Health Res. 2021;10. doi:
  4. Hafferty F. Beyond curriculum reform: confronting medicine’s hidden curriculum. Acad Med. 1998;73:403-407. doi:
  5. MIUR Accesso programmato. (, Accessed December 20, 2022).
  6. Fricke B, Gunderman R. Creating and enhancing radiology student interest groups. Acad Radiol. 2010;17:1567-1569. doi:



Domenico Costanzo - Plastic Surgery Residency Program, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy; Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery Division, Galliera Hospital, Genoa, Italy

Antonella Romeo - Oral Surgery Residency Program, Tor Vergata University of Rome, Rome, Italy

Stefano Chiodi - Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery Division, Galliera Hospital, Genoa, Italy

Paolo Iacoviello - Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery Division, Galliera Hospital, Genoa, Italy

Marco Gramegna - Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery Division, Galliera Hospital, Genoa, Italy

Luca Mazzoni - Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery Division, Galliera Hospital, Genoa, Italy

Mariano Da Rold - Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery Division, Galliera Hospital, Genoa, Italy

Alice Tavakkoli - Plastic Surgery Residency Program, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy

Giovanni Cardillo - Plastic Surgery Residency Program, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy

Beniamimo Mattioli - Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery Division, Galliera Hospital, Genoa, Italy

Giuseppe Signorini - Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery Division, Galliera Hospital, Genoa, Italy

How to Cite
Costanzo, D., Romeo, A., Chiodi, S., Iacoviello, P., Gramegna, M., Mazzoni, L., Da Rold, M., Tavakkoli, A., Cardillo, G., Mattioli, B. and Signorini, G. 2023. Establishment of an Italian Plastic Surgery Interest Group. Plastic Reconstructive and Regenerative Surgery. 2, 1-2 (Oct. 2023), 75–77. DOI:
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